The Independent’s Charles Darwent recently reviewed the new René Magritte exhibition at the Tate in Liverpool, England. The surrealism artist’s show was arranged thematically, along with the catalogue – A for Apple, B for Bowler Hat, C for Clouds – systemising the artist and explaining him. In the end, Darwent felt the effect made Margitte seem arch – “a man who hit on a trick circa 1926 and went on performing it for 40 years”. However, he said curators suffer with Margritte, “their problem being how to rationalise visually the work of a man who spent his art being visually irrational.”
According to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), they are “focusing on technologies to enable Web access anywhere, anytime, using any device. This includes Web access from mobile phones and other mobile devices as well as use of Web technology in consumer electronics, printers, interactive television, and even automobiles.” With the increasing popularity of smartphones, connectivity is available for those who can afford it. On March 9, 2011, Nielsen Company said “mobile internet penetration reached 50 per cent as smartphones penetration reached 35 per cent of online Australians.” The instantaneous Internet access means that I can use my Apple iPhone to logon to the Austar website and record an episode of Keeping Up With The Kardashians on my set top box, despite the fact that I may be in New York at the time. Anywhere, anytime…
“In 2001, Tim Berners-Lee described his vision for the ‘semantic web’, an extension of the world wide web in which the semantics of information and services on the web are defined and machine-readable, making it possible for web tools to understand and satisfy the requests of users, enhancing the ability to find, share and combined information” (Zimmer 2009, 108). The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) echo this point, defining semantic web as “a web of linked data where technologies enable people to create data stores on the web, build vocabularies, and write rules for handling data”. However, Dowd (2008) suggests “the potential functionality of the Semantic Web depends on logic and information structures that can be understood through analysis of the activities and thinking of the librarian, antiquarian and/or contemporary”.
- Dowd, Cate. 2008. The Antiquarian Librarian and the Pedantic Semantic Web Programmer: Trust, logic, knowledge and inference.
- Zimmer, Michael. 2009. “Renvois of the past, present and future: hyperlinks and the structuring of knowledge from the Encylopedie to Web 2.0” from New Media and Society. Sage Publications, London.